4-H Youth Development

Elements and Principles of Design

Resources for learning the elements and principles of design.
The ABC's of Art: the elements and princilples of design
Black and White version of book created by M.C. Gillis
The ABC's of Art: the elements and principles of design
Color version of booklet created by M.C. Gillis.
Pulling it Together (Interior Design) - Iowa CES
By learning and using the elements and principles of design, you will increase your understanding of how and why some things work together and some simply “don’t look right.”
Design: Exploring the Elements & Principles - Iowa CES
A design is a visual plan you can use to create your 4-H project. Everything you can see has a design. When you describe something you see, you use words that tell about the lines, shapes, colors, textures, and spaces. Some combinations of design elements (line, shape, color, texture, and space) work better than others. There are some guidelines to help understand why some combinations work and others do not work as well. These guidelines—rhythm, proportion, emphasis, balance, and unity—are the principles of design.
Elements of Design - Utah CES
Creativity and Design Project - Utah CES
Knowledge of the Elements and Principles of Design provides there are endless options for applying creativity and innovation to the design of a variety of projects and creations. Here’s an example of how the elements and principles of design can be applied to the design and creation of a stuffed friend.
Design Elements and Principles in Project Work - Iowa
Art is created through experimentation using a variety of tools and organizational strategies. The tools of art are not just brushes, paints and palettes, hammer and wood, but rather elements of design. How the tools or elements are used or organized creates the principles of art and design. Elements of design and principles of art are the core vocabulary to art. Think of them like a recipe to create your work. The elements are like the ingredients and the principles are the instructions. By using elements, you create principles, such as ‘By repeating lines I created rhythm.”